Fatehgarh Sahib, also known as Sirhind, is a city in the Indian state of Punjab with a rich historical and cultural heritage. Its name translates to the "City of Victory," reflecting the significant events and stories associated with it .
Fatehgarh Sahib is named after the historical events that took place here. "Fateh" means victory and "garh" means fort. The city witnesses the martyrdom of two young Sahibzadas (sons) of the Guru Gobind Singh Ji - Sahibzada Zoravar Singh Ji & Sahibzada Fateh Singh Ji , who sacrificed their lives rather than leaving their faith.
Fatehgarh Sahib is home to two distinguished Gurudwaras, Gurudwara Fatehgarh Sahib and Gurudwara Jyoti Sarup, built in honor of these brave young souls.
Martyrdom of Sahibzadas
The history of the city is inextricably linked with the heartbreaking saga of Guru Gobind Singh Ji's beloved sons, Sahibzada Zorawar Singh Ji( 9 years) and Sahibzada Fateh Singh Ji( 7 years) .
Mughal forces captured them and they were brought to Sirhind . Despite their young age and trials they stood upto their faith in Sikhism and refused to convert to Islam .
In a tragic turn of events, both of them were mercilessly killed on the orders of Wazir Khan, the Nawab of Sirhind who first ordered them to be bricked alive and when they were found alive, killed them by slitting their throats.
Gurudwara Fatehgarh Sahib
Today, Fatehgarh Sahib is home to Gurudwara Fatehgarh Sahib, a prominent Sikh shrine dedicated to the memory of Sahibzada Zorawar Singh and Sahibzada Fateh Singh .The Gurudwara stands on the spot where the young martyrs were imprisoned.The magnificent architecture and peaceful atmosphere of the Gurudwara invites devotees from all over the world. Every year during the Shaheedi Jor Mela, thousands of people gather to pay their respects and seek inspiration from Sahibzada's sacrifices.
Architecture and Features
Gurudwara Fatehgarh Sahib has magnificent architecture, including a magnificent central dome and beautiful frescoes depicting Sikh history. It is surrounded by lush gardens and a sarovar , creating a peaceful environment for spiritual concentration .
Gurudwara Jyoti Saroop
Adjacent to Gurudwara Fatehgarh Sahib is Gurudwara Jyoti Sarup, which marks the place where the Sahibzadas were stoned alive. The Gurudwara is decorated with beautiful works of art that tell their own stories and provide a peaceful place for meditation and prayer.
The city celebrates the martyrdom anniversary of Sahibzada Zorawar Singh and Sahibzada Fateh Singh with great respect and devotion. The week-long Shaheedi Jor Mela is a grand event attended by thousands of devotees who gather to remember the sacrifices of the young martyrs.
Pilgrimage & Spirituality
Although Fatehgarh Sahib has evolved over the years, its spiritual significance remains supreme
Pilgrims and devotees visit the city throughout the year to pay homage to Sahibzade and their bravery . In a peaceful Gurudwara, recitations of hymns and communal prayers create an atmosphere of divinity and peace.
Community & Service
Sikhs, known for their commitment to seva (selfless service), continue to uphold this tradition in Fatehgarh Sahib.
Langars (community kitchens) at the Gurudwaras serve free meals to all visitors, regardless of caste, creed, or religion. This practice embodies the Sikh principles of equality and compassion.
Fatehgarh Sahib Today
Fatehgarh Sahib is not only a historically important place but also a vibrant city where modernity and tradition coexist.The city has many educational institutions, including medical and engineering colleges, and is known for its agriculture. It is the educational center of the region and attracts students from all over India.
In conclusion, Fatehgarh Sahib or Sirhind is a symbol of the strength of Sikhism and the sacrifices of Sahibzada Zorawar Singh and Sahibzada Fateh Singh . It is a place where history, spirituality and culture meet .It serves as a sign of inspiration and reminds people of the importance of courage, determination and unwavering commitment.
The city continues to honor the legacy of these young martyrs and remind us of the values of Sikhism.