Hazur Sahib, also known as Takht Hazur Sahib, is one of the five Takhts (thrones) of Sikhism. It has enormous significance for Sikhs worldwide and is closely associated with the tenth Sikh guru, Guru Gobind Singh Ji. Located in Nanded, Maharashtra, India, the holy shrine is the spiritual and historical center of the Sikh community.
The historical significance of Hazur Sahib is deeply rooted with the life of Guru Gobind Singh Ji and the events that unfolded during his stay. It was here that Guru Ji decided to establish his spiritual abode after the events of the Battle of Chamkaur in 1704.The name "Hazur Sahib" itself means "Presence of the Master" meaning the divine presence brought by Guru Gobind Singh Ji to this place.
Guru Ji’s Residence
Guru Gobind Singh Ji spent the last years of his life at Hazur Sahib. It was in that Gurudwara that he wrote the final version of the Guru Granth Sahib, the scripture of Sikhism, completing the divine message initiated by Guru Nanak Dev Ji. This makes Hazur Sahib a place of immense importance for Sikhs as it was here that the Guru Granth Sahib took its final form.
One of the most important events that happened at Hazur Sahib was the official designation of Guru Granth Sahib as the eternal Guru of the Sikhs. Guru Gobind Singh Ji declared that after him the Guru Granth Sahib would become the spiritual guide of the Sikh community. This historic decision emphasized the central role of scriptures in Sikhism and ensured that its teachings would now guide the faith.
The Takht Sahib
Hazur Sahib is one of the five Takhts or temporal thrones in Sikhism. It holds a distinct place among the Takhts due to its connection with Guru Gobind Singh Ji. The Takht within the Gurudwara complex marks the seat of Guru Ji, where he addressed congregations and conducted spiritual talks. The Guru Granth Sahib is also placed here, and the recitation of hymns and prayers takes place daily .
The architectural style of Hazur Sahib Gurudwara reflects a blend of Mughal and Rajput architecture. It was built to mark the spot where Guru Ji breathed his last.The pure white building with its golden domes and detailed artwork radiates calm and wonder.The complex also has a Sarovar (holy pool) where pilgrims take bath for spiritual purification.
Community Kitchen (Langar)
A hallmark of Sikhism, the langar at Hazur Sahib offers free meals to all visitors regardless of their background. This tradition of selfless service and communal eating portrays the core Sikh values of equality, humility and seva (selfless service).
Festivals & Celebrations
Hazur Sahib witnesses grand celebrations during Sikh festivals and anniversaries of historical events. Guru Gobind Singh Ji's birthday, known as Guru Gobind Singh Gurpurab, is particularly significant and attracts a large number of devotees .
Nagar Kirtans (religious processions) and special prayers are organized on these occasions. The atmosphere becomes lively as chants are sung and the Sikh sangat participates.
Significance For Sikhs
For Sikhs, Hazur Sahib is a place of immense respect and devotion. It represents the spiritual achievement of the teachings of Guru Gobind Singh Ji and the preservation of Sikh heritage.
Pilgrims visit Gurdwaras to seek spiritual comfort, offer prayers and immerse themselves in the divine atmosphere. Hazur Sahib's daily routine includes constant recitation of Guru Granth Sahib and the practice of langar, emphasizing the values of equality and selfless service.
To summarize, Hazur Sahib is more than just a Gurudwara; it's a sacred place that holds the last moments of Guru Gobind Singh Ji's life.It is a proof of his spiritual wisdom, flexibility and unwavering commitment to the Sikh faith.
Hazur Sahib continues to inspire Sikhs and people of all backgrounds, inviting them to experience the divine presence and timeless teachings of Sikhism. It is a place where history, spirituality and devotion coexist,promoting unity, equality, and selfless service - the core principles of Sikh values.